NAME: AWOLOTO OLADIMEJI OPEYEMI
MATRIC NO : 2011/1/0010BE
DEPARTMENT : BIOLOGY DEPT.
LEVEL: 300 LEVEL.
COURSE TITLE: INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES IN STM
COURSE CODE : STM 312
NAME OF LECTURER : MRS. JENNIFER
PROJECT TITLE : Teaching methods and lesson plan in teaching science, ( biology).
PROJECT PART 1.
TEACHING METHODS IN SCIENCE.
Science refers to a system of acquiring knowledge. This system uses observation and experimentation to describe and explain natural phenomenon. Science also refers to the organized body of knowledge, using that system. Less formally, the word "science" often describes any systematic field of study or the knowledge gained from it.
There are various ways or methods used in teaching science, which helps to make the transfer of knowledge of science from the teacher to the student more effective in an educational setting, thereby improving Teaching-learning process. Some include,
» Cooperative Learning
» Direct teaching
» Multimedia strategy
» Games method
» Role-playing method, etc.
Direct teaching is one-on-one contact or communication between a student and a teacher, in which the presence of the teacher is essential in order to facilitate knowledge.
Cooperative Learning is the introduction of learning teams into the classroom in an efficient way that boosts the interest of the students, helping each other on various assignments, leading to better team-playing and assimilation capabilities.
Lecture Method is a process whereby effective lecturers can communicate the intrinsic interest of a subject through their enthusiasm, to large audiences at a time.
Multimedia strategy is the use of electronic media, e.g projectors, slides, charts, maps, etc, for learning. It's very easy to use, it reduces training costs, tailors information to the students, gathers information about the student's study results and interest.
Role-playing Method is that method in which students put themselves in the shoes of professionals, and try to act out their subject matter, in order to aid effective learning. It increases the student's retentive abilities, always gets the students full attention, helps to nurture the student's acting, speech-delivering, and other of such skills.
PROJECT PART 2
LESSON PLAN IN TEACHING SCIENCES
2. LESSON PLAN
NAME: AWOLOTO OLADIMEJI OPEYEMI
MATRICULATION NUMBER: 2011/1/0010BE
SCHOOL: BABS FAFUNWA MILLENIUM SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL
DATE: 16TH JUNE 1999
DURATION: 40 MINUTES
SUBJECT: INTEGRATED SCIENCE
TOPIC: CLASSIFICATION OF PLANTS
AVERAGE AGE OF LEARNERS: 12 YEARS
BEHAVIOURAL OBJECTIVES: At the end of the lesson the students should be able to:
a) Define classification of plants
b) Mention the classes of plants
c) Discuss the functions ofplants in the environment
ENTRY BEHAVIOUR: The students have been taught the different life forms in the environment
INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS: The teacher brings to the class the specimen of different classes of plants
INTRODUCTION: The teacher ask the students to define plants and to mention some examples of plants that can be found in their environment
Summary and evaluation
Classification of plants
plantscan be classified into carbohydrate, protein, vitamins and oil
maize as a class of plant
Functions of plants in the environment
The main points are discussed over again and relevant questions asked
Reading about animalsand their use rto the environment
The teacher explains the meaning of classification of plants.He also cites examples of the different classes of food. The teacher explains the meaning of carbohydrate
The teacher explains different functions of ploants in the environment
The teacher summarizes the whole lesson laying emphasis on the main points. The teacher also ask the students some questions based on the entire lesson.
The teacher writes some guiding questions based on the assignment on the board.
The teacher ask the students to cite examples of plants
The students are to cite examples of carbohydrate that are found in their locality
The students are ask to mention other functions of plants to the environment.The students ask questions where necessary and jot down in their notes. They also responds to the questions ask by the teacher. The students copy the assignment and find solution to them at home
|specimen of different types of plants e.g maize, rice, beans,banana
Specimen of different examples of plants e.g yam, rice, cassava etc.
Charts showing the different functions of carbohydrate in the body are shown to the students. Specimen and diagram of classification of plants
MODERN SCIENCE FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS
BASIC INTEGRATED SCIENCE FOR PRIMARY SCHOOLS