There are many ways to integrate technology into 2nd grade. Technology can help support both students and teachers. The use of technology in a classroom can help support the vast differences of learning styles for both students and teachers. It can help to motivate students and gain a student's attention. A teacher can use technology as an instruction tool, to help assist in presentations and lesson planning. Technology can also be used in a classroom as an assessment tool. Teachers are able to create and administer assessments to students through the use of computers. Lastly, a student's technology capabilities are becoming more important and required for the upcoming century so incorporating technology at a young age will help those students in the future.
This chapter will describe typical second grade curricular approaches with reference to the Maryland State Standards and the Montgomery County Public Schools Second Grade Curriculum. Specific software and web resources will be given which align with the standards for second grade. Each of the four main academic areas of second grade will be discussed in each category. Some of the major concepts that are covered in Language Arts are story elements, folktales, biographies, poetry, and persuasive letter writing. Concepts that are covered in math can include addition, subtraction, telling time, geometry, and money. In Science, concepts that are covered are balancing and weighing, liquids, and the life cycle of butterflies. The major concepts that are covered in Social Studies are democracy/elections, communities, and native americans - Wampanoags and Pilgrams.
National Standards Edit
There are many topics that are covered in the second grade curriculum. The topics that are covered in the curriculum can be different from state to state. In Maryland, some of the major topics that are covered in each of the four main academic areas are listed below.
- Story Elements: Characters, Setting, Problem, Solution
- Persuasive Letters
- Telling Time
- Counting Money
- Balancing and Weighing
- Life Cycle of Butterflies
- Democracy - Elections
- Native Americans - Wampanoag
Listed below are links to both the Maryland State Voluntary Curriculum and the Montgomery County Public Schools Curriculum. The Maryland State Voluntary Curriculum is posted by subject areas. The Montgomery County Public Schools links give overviews of the concepts that are covered by each grade level, representing grades pre-kindergarten through third grade.
Issues and Barriers Edit
Here is a link that will lead you to many issues and barriers that can arise when incoporating technology into the curriculum. Along with those issues and barriers listed, finding appropriate software that applies to the topics that are covered in a second grade curriculum can also be a challenge.
- TV Using a S-video cord, a teacher is able to hook a computer up to a T.V. for a class to view. United Streaming is a program that allows short movies to be chosen off of a website and viewed from your computer. Teachers can choose movies that align with the topics they teach. If this program is selected to be used in your classroom, it helps to project the movie, which is shown on your computer to the T.V. so that all students are able to watch it.
- VCR VCR's can be used to view videotapes on particular topics that align with your curriculum.
- Computers Both teachers and students can find many uses in a computer. Students can use computers to practice various skills, produce products, or complete center activities. Many student centered activities can be found using CD's or websites. Teachers are able to use computers as instructional tools and assessment tools. Worksheets and grade keeping can be completed using a computer.
- Printers Printers can be used to print student and teacher work. Teachers can create worksheets on the computer and be able to print them off to administer them to their students.
- Scanner Scanners can be used to scan pictures into various documents or if a teacher has created a class website, student's work can be scanned and uploaded on to the class website for parents and others to see.
- Digital Camera A digital camera can be used to take pictures of the students in your class or of the activities that occur in the classroom. An attendance chart can be created using a digital camera. Each student's picture can be taken using the camera. On a chart put each students cut out picture so that the students can move their picture each day based on if they are present or not.
- Overhead Projector An overhead projector is another instructional tool that teachers can use as a way to teach students concepts. One advantage to using an overhead projector is that the information you write projects on a large screen, therefore students from the back of the room are able to see what you are doing, as compared to writing on a board at the front in the room.
Web Resources Edit