This wiki focuses on the software and hardware products that assist students with physical disabilities. These tools can increase learning and assist students with thier productivity (Scheffel, 2003). There are three main components of physical disabilities:
The following technological resources work with the ISTE standards of both teachers and students with helping integrate technology in the lives of their students. Please take the time to review each section and the hardware and software that can assist your students to be able to learn to the best of their ability. Additionally, there are related links that offer more information to their respective areas.
Visual disabilities are any type of problems limiting the ability to see and read. These disabilities range from low vision to legally blind to color blind. People with visual disabilities are unable to see aspects due to their sight being less than 20/70 (Greater, n.d.) or the inability to see several colors or being able to differentiate shades of colors (Scheffel, 2003). Fortunately for people with visual disabilities, there is a wide array of hardware and software tools that can aid them in seeing better. Please review some examples of common hardware and software widely available to people with visual disabilities.
This is a great product for magnifying just about anything; with the easy to use magnifying mouse and the color screen, increasing the visibility of objects could not be more efficient. This tool is a must-have for anyone with low or limited visibility.
A travel version is available for notebooks with the same features as the desktop version. ALVA 544 Satellite (Traveler) Braille Display: http://www.optelec.nl/?id=1443
The Braille Sense is the first notetaker to offer true multi-tasking, with the ability to perform up to seven tasks simultaneously. With the Braille Sense, a user can listen to his or her favorite MP3s while writing email, surfing the web, and even using the word processor (GW, 2006). Braille Sense Notetaker takes reading Braille one step further than traditional Braille translators; not only can blind or limited vision users use this tool to translate electronic information into Braille it can also store information. This a great tool for on the road travel but also robust enough to use at home or in the office.
This is a great tool for people that are blind or have limited vision. Having the ability to hear electronic information in real time from emails, the web, while typing, or other resources is an outstanding method of breaking technology barriers for people with disabilities.
This is a great tool for writing just about anything and turning it into a Braille hard copy file whether you are blind or not. Imagine being able to print Braille to help students that are blind with a click of a button or being able to write in Braille to a friend or colleague. This is a great innovation to traditional hand punched Braille documents.
- More Visual Assistive Technology Hardware:
- Screen Magnifiers http://www.enablemart.com/productGroupDetail.aspx?store=10&dept=12&group=43
- Braille Displays http://www.enablemart.com/productGroupDetail.aspx?store=10&dept=12&group=39
- Notetakers http://www.enablemart.com/productGroupDetail.aspx?store=10&dept=12&group=41
- Low Vision http://www.enablemart.com/productGroupDetail.aspx?store=10&dept=12&group=111
- More Visual Assistive Technology Software:
Mobility disabilities are any type of problem that limits people from managing and navigating their environment due to physical constraints. These constraints can range from loss of limb, paralysis, limited movement, cerebral palsy, stroke, multiple sclerosis, muscular dystrophy, spinal cord injury and a variety of other issues. Fortunately for people with mobility disabilities, there is a wide array of hardware and software tools that can aid them in seeing better. Please review some examples of common hardware and software widely available to people with mobility disabilities.
|Touch Screen Monitors:
Having the ability to use touch screens to control a persons computer is a great alternative to having to use a traditional mouse for those with limited mobility. This could even work for limited damage to the human body such as carpal tunnel or the inability to control a mouse due to arthritis.
Unlike the keyboard on your standard computer, the IntelliKeys keyboard can be customized in appearance and functions when you slide in special printed overlays. The Standard Overlays that come with IntelliKeys feature large, well spaced keys in high contrast colors to make it easy for users to locate letters and numbers. Overlays for numbers, mouse movement, and alphabetical and QWERTY keyboard layouts can be slid into IntelliKeys for instant use (IntelliTools, 2006).
Quickly activate vertical/horizontal scrolling as well as magnification tools by gliding a finger along the touchpad edges. Right-clicks are accessible by tapping a finger in the touchpad's upper right corner. A GlideExtend® feature makes it easy to keep moving the cursor after you've run into the touchpad's edge. Virtual buttons, sounds, speed, sensitivity and orientation settings can be customized via Cirque's driver (Cirque, 2005).
This is a great device for students that are unable to use traditional mice or alternative mice. Due to the USB connection this device is portable, extendable, easy to use, and easy to connect.
|On Screen Keyboards:
SofType can be accessed using a mouse or mouse emulator such as the HeadMouse. SofType has a built-in dwell selection feature called AutoClick. When AutoClick is enabled, clicking functions are performed by holding the pointer motionless (dwell) for a programmable length of time (Orion, 2005).
Additionally, the Dragger is a toolbar integrated into SofType which allows AutoClick and single-switch users to perform all of the common clicking functions of a two-button mouse. Specific buttons on the Dragger toolbar are associated with the common clicking functions. Dragger also has an AutoClick Rest (On/Off) button, which enables and disables AutoClick's dwell feature (Orion, 2005).
- More Mobility Assistive Technology Hardware:
- Touch Screens: http://www.enablemart.com/productGroupDetail.aspx?store=10&dept=20&group=47
- Alternate Keyboards:http://www.enablemart.com/default.aspx?store=10&dept=24
- Alternate Mice: http://www.enablemart.com/productGroupDetail.aspx?store=10&dept=24&group=57
- Touch Pads: http://www.enablemart.com/productGroupDetail.aspx?store=10&dept=24&group=58
- More Mobility Assistive Technology Software:
Auditory disabilities are any type of problems limiting the ability to hear and speak. These disabilities range various degrees of hearing loss and others. Speech disabilities are stuttering, impaired articulation, voice impairment and others. Fortunately for people with auditory disabilities, there is a wide array of hardware and software tools that can aid them in learning with this disability. Please review some examples of common hardware and software widely available to people with auditory disabilities.
|Assistive Writing Technology:
The product incorporates a host of dynamic features including powerful decoding, study skills, writing and test taking tools designed to adapt to each individual’s learning style and to minimize frustration for both the learner and educator (Kurzweil, 2006).
|Assistive Writing Technology:
- More Auditory Assistive Technology Hardware:
- More Auditory Assistive Technology Software:
- More Assistive Writing Technology: http://www.enablemart.com/productGroupDetail.aspx?store=10&dept=20&group=51
- Places to learn about Assistive Technology
- Section 508: http://section508.gov/
- Assistive Technology Basics: http://staff.howard.k12.md.us/~yjeon/index.html
- United Cerebral Palsy: http://www.ucpdc.org/
- Assistive Technology Webquest: http://foxweb.marist.edu/users/kbvjx/webquest/introduction
- Schwab Learning: http://www.Schwablearning.org
- Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities: http://www.gcccu.org/Faculty/SWD/Disabilities.cfm
- Assistive & Adaptive Technology: http://schoolcomputing.wikia.com/wiki/Assistive_%26_Adaptive_Technology
- Cognitive Assistance Through Technology: http://schoolcomputing.wikia.com/wiki/Cognitive_Assistance_Through_Technology
- Places to buy Assistive Technology
- Ai Squared Technology: http://www.aisquared.com/index.cfm
- AmCan International: http://www.zerotensionmouse.com/index.asp
- Ash Technologies: http://www.ashtech.ie/tp_products.asp?pid=3
- Cirque: http://www.cirque.com/products/desktop_smart.htm
- Don Johnston: http://www.donjohnston.com
- Duxbury Systems: http://www.duxburysystems.com/
- ELO Touch Systems: http://www.elotouch.com/products/default.asp
- Earlink: http://earlink.com
- Enable Mart: http://www.enablemart.com/default.aspx?store=10
- Freedom Scientific: http://www.freedomscientific.com
- GW Micros: http://www.gwmicro.com/
- Harris Communications: http://www.harriscomm.com
- IntelliTools: http://www.intellitools.com
- Kurzweil Educational Systems: http://www.kurzweiledu.com
- LS&S, LLC: http://www.LSSproducts.com
- Mayer-Johnson: http://www.mayer-johnson.com
- Nuance: http://www.nuance.com
- Optelec Tieman Group: http://www.optelec.nl/?id=1
- Origin Instruments Corporation: http://www.orin.com
- Widgit Software: http://www.widgit.com
Question 1: What are the three main areas of disabilities addressed in this wiki?
Question 2: What are two pieces of software used to assist auditory disabilities?
Question 3: What are two pieces of hardware used to assist visual disabilities?
Question 4: What is the name of the company that owns the rights to Zoom Text?
Question 5: What is the web address to the United Cerebral Palsy?
- Microsoft Word (.Doc): http://www.drasticchange.com/WikiImages/WikiText.doc
- Adobe Reader (.PDF): http://www.drasticchange.com/WikiImages/WikiText.PDF
World Wide Web:
Ai Squared Technology. (2006). Zoom Text. Retrieved February 18, 2006, from: http://www.aisquared.com/index.cfm
AmCan International. (n.d.) Zero Tension Mouse. Retrieved March 16, 2006, from: http://www.zerotensionmouse.com/index.asp
Ash Technologies. (2003). Liberty Color Portable Print Magnifier. Retrieved March 15, 2006, from: http://www.ashtech.ie/tp_products.asp?pid=3
Cirque. (2005). Cirque Smart Cat. Retrieved March 16, 2006, from: http://www.cirque.com/products/desktop_smart.htm
Computer/Electronic Accommodations Program. (2006). Assistive Technology. Retrieved February 18, 2006, from: http://www.tricare.osd.mil/cap/acc_sol/Assistive_Technology.cfm
Don Johnston. (2006). Writer:Outloud. Retrieved March 4, 2006, from: http://www.donjohnston.com/catalog/cow4000d.htm
Don Johnston. (2006). Co:Writer. Retrieved March 4, 2006, from: http://www.donjohnston.com/catalog/writoutd.htm
Duxbury Systems. (2006). Duxbury Braille Translator. Retrieved March 15, 2006, from: http://www.duxburysystems.com/
Earlink. (2005). EZcom Pro Portable TTY. Retrieved March 16, 2006, from: http://earlink.com/TEL_TTY_EZcom.htm
ELO Touch Systems. (2006). Touch Screen Monitors. Retrieved March 16, 2006, from: http://www.elotouch.com/products/default.asp
Enable Mart. (2006). Assistive Technology Products. Retrieved February 18, 2006, from: http://www.enablemart.com/default.aspx?store=10
Freedom Scientific. (2006). JAWS for Windows. Retrieved February 18, 2006, from: http://www.freedomscientific.com/fs_products/software_jaws.asp
Greater Cincinnati Consortium of Colleges and Universities. (n.d.). Students With Disabilities - A Handbook for Faculty. Retrieved March 16, 2006, from: http://www.gcccu.org/Faculty/SWD/Disabilities.cfm
GW Micros. (2006). Windows Eyes. Retrieved February 18, 2006, from: http://www.gwmicro.com/
GW Micro. (2006). Braille Sense Notetaker. Retrieved March 15, 2006, from: http://www.gwmicro.com/Braille_Sense/
Harris Communications. (2005). ClearSounds CLA7 Amplified Powered Neckloop. Retrieved March 16, 2006, from: http://www.harriscomm.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=18332
IntelliTools. (2006). IntelliKeys. Retrieved March 4, 2006, from: http://www.intellitools.com/products/IntelliKeys/home.php
Jeon, Young. (2006). Assistive Technology. Retrieved February 18, 2006, from: http://staff.howard.k12.md.us/~yjeon/index.html
Kurzweil Educational Systems. (2006). Kurzweil 3000 for Windows. Retrieved March 4, 2006, from: http://www.kurzweiledu.com/products_k3000win.asp
Mayer-Johnson. (2006). BoardMaker. Retrieved March 16, 2006, from: http://www.mayer-johnson.com/MainBoardmaker.aspx?MainCategoryID=5419
Nuance. (2006). Dragon Naturally Speaking. Retrieved March 15, 2006, from: http://www.nuance.com/naturallyspeaking/
Optelec Tieman Group. (2006). ALVA 544 Satellite (Classic) Braille Display. Retrieved March 15, 2006, from: http://www.optelec.nl/?id=1
Origin Instruments Corporation. (2005). SoftType. Retrieved March 16, 2006, from: http://www.orin.com/access/softype/index.htm
Schwab Learning. (2006). A Parent’s Guide to Helping Kids with Learning Difficulties. Retrieved March 4, 2006, from: http://www.Schwablearning.org
United Cerebral Palsy. (2006). Assistive Technology. Retrieved February 18, 2006, from: http://www.ucpdc.org/
Widgit Software. (2006). Writing with Symbols. Retrieved March 4, 2006, from: http://www.widgit.com/products/wws2000/index.htm
Scheffel, Debora L.; Agnew, Jo. (2003). Full Computer Access for People with Disabilities: The Goal of Transparency. Colorado: Disabilities and Gifted Education. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED481557)
Roblyer, M. D. (2003). Integrating Educational Technology into Teaching (3rd ed.). Ohio: Merrill Prentice Hall.
Zmuda, Allison; Kuklis, Robert & Kline, Everett. Transforming Schools. Virginia: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.
McKenzie, Jamie. How Teachers Learn Technology Best. Washington: FNO Press.
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