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NAME:      UMOINAM ABIGAIL IMAOBONG                         

MATRIC NO.: 2011/1/0025BE

DEPARTMENT: BIOLOGY EDUCATION

 

1.      Method of Teaching in Science

2.      Lesson plan in Teaching Science

 

Science subject, some of the methods are as followed:

1.      Discussion method

2.      Demonstration method

3.      Discovery method

4.      Project method

5.      Problem solving method

 

Discussion Method: Is an organized, unique, logically related, step by step procedure of teaching specific aspects of a subject or topic aimed at achieving specific instructional objective. This is a great deal of involvement and interaction between the teacher and learner in the science classroom. The method make use of cooperation in learning by allowing the participants to pool together their ideas and knowledge.

Demonstration Method: In demonstration method a considerable amount of time is spent showing trainee how something ought to be done. Demonstration method involves the combined use to visteal and auditory powers as the major means of communication, it is a good method for introducing new skill in science teaching, developing understanding and showing the appropriate way of doing things.

Discovery Method: This method is learner centered, it has been described as a problem solving scientific or enquiry approach. It involves the development of the cognitive and affective skill of learners. Discovery method promotes flexible investigation skills of the learners and creative responses to solving problems, and this flexible approach is essential for the transfer and application of knowledge to new situation.

Project Method: It involves investigation and solving of problem either by an individual or small group of people under the guidance of the teacher. Project vary in size and duration project can be carried out individually or by group.

Problem-Solving Method: It involves both the scientific strategies and reflective thing in addition. It entails a complex mental process of identifying a problem and selecting a solution process through visualizing, imaginary, manipulating, analyzing and associating ideas in the teaching of some science subject like, chemistry, mathematic, physic and others.

 

LESSON PLAN

NAME:                      UMOINAM ABIGAIL IMAOBONG                         

MATRIC NO.:            2011/1/0025BE

School:                         Bioku Grammar School, Lagos

Date:                                   13/6/2014

Time:                            9:20 – 10:00am

Duration of Lesson:   40 minutes

Subject:                        Biology

Topic:                          Classification of food

Average Age of Family: 14 years

Specific or Behavioural Objective:     

At the end of the lesson the student should be able to:

a.       Define classification of food

b.      Mention the classes of food

c.       State the functions of carbohydrate as a class of food

Entry Behaviour or Previous Knowledge:

The student be taught some common food around.

Instructional Materials:

The teacher brings to the class the specimen of different classes of food.

Introduction:

The teacher asks the student to mention some common food they eat at home.

Instructional Stage

Instructional Content

Teacher activities

Learner Activities

Instructional material

Presentation Development

Step 1

Classification of Food

Food can be classifies in carbohydrate, protein, vitamin and oil

The teacher explain the meaning or define food classification. He also cities examples of the different classification of food

The teacher asks the student to cite examples of food

Specimen of the different classes of food yam, egg, fruit, vegetable, oil etc.

Step 2

Carbohydrates a class of food

The teacher explain the meaning of carbohydrate

The students are to cite examples of carbohydrate that are found in their locality

Specimen of different example of carbohydrate e.g. yam, rice, etc

Step 3

Function of carbohydrate in the body

The teacher explains different function of carbohydrate in the body

 

 

Summary & Evaluation

The main point discussed are gone through and relevant question asked?

The teacher sun manes the whole lesson laying emphasis on the main point. The teacher also ask questions based on the entire lesson.

The students are asked to mention other functions of carbohydrate in the body. The student ask questions where necessary point are make. They also responded to the questions asked by the teacher.

The student copy the assignment and found solution to them at home.

Charts showing the different function of carbohydrate in the body are shown to the students. Specimen and diagrams of classification of food.

 

Relevant and textbook carts, and diagrams specimen etc.

 

.improvised material                       . .             local material

1.calculator                                                     tally sticks.

2.beaker                                                          caliberated water bottle.

3.meter rule                                                     thin long wood.

4.hammer                                                        stone.

5.screwdriver                                                  knife

6.conicalflask                                                  jug

7.pipette                                                           straw

8.test tube                                                       diposables

9. funnel                                                          divided bottle water container

10.filter paper                                                 a piece of clean white cloth

 

NAME:                              OGUNTOYINBO ADENIKE DEBORAH

MATRIC NO.;                    2011/1/0009ME

DEPARTMENT:                  MATHEMATICS EDUCATION

LEVEL:                             300

 

METHOD OF TEACHING IN SCIENCE COURSE

A teacher might employ the following teaching method to make learning easier for students.

1.      Lecture Method: These is said to be the, complete, organized, verbal, presentation of a subject matter where the presenter dominates exercise for a particular period of time with or without the learners involvement lecture method is still commonly practised by teachers at all levels of education, especially at the tertiary levels.

 

2.      Demonstration Method: A considerable amount of time is spent showing trainees how something ought to be done. Demonstration method involves the combined use of visual and auditory power as the major mean of communication. It is a good method for introducing new skills, developing understanding and showing the appropriate way of doing things.

 

3.      Discovery Method: Discovery method has been described as a problem solving, scientific or enquiry approach. It involves the development of the cognitive and affective skills of the learners. Discovery method promotes flexible investigation and creative response to solving problems, and this flexible approach is essential for the transfer and application of knowledge of new situation.

4.      Project Method: The exponent of project method was John Dewey, an American Psychologist and philosopher. Project method involves investigation and solving of problems either by an individual or small group of people under the guidance of the teacher. A project can be carried out by an individual or group.

Name:                                     Oguntoyinbo Adenike Deborah

Matric No.:                              2011/1/0009ME

Level:                                       300

School:                                    Royal Star Comprehensive College

Date:                                       12th June, 2014

Time:                                       9:20am – 10.00am

Duration:                                40 minutes

Subject:                                  Mathematics

Topic:                                      Equation

Average Age of Learners:       14 years

 

Specific of Behaviour Objectives:  

At the end of the lessons the students should be able to:

a.       Define equation

b.      Mention the types of equations

c.       How to solve quadratic equations

 

Entry Behaviour of Previous Knowledge:

The Student must have been taught different types of equations and have idea about it on how to solve them.

 

Instructional Materials:

The teacher brings to the class material indicating different types of equation, which can be inform of a chart or graph.

 

.improvised material                       . .             local material

1.calculator                                                     tally sticks.

2.beaker                                                          caliberated water bottle.

3.meter rule                                                     thin long wood.

4.hammer                                                        stone.

5.screwdriver                                                  knife

6.conicalflask                                                  jug

7.pipette                                                           straw

8.test tube                                                       diposables

9. funnel                                                          divided bottle water container

10.filter paper                                                 a piece of clean white cloth

NAME:                           AJAYI  V.  OLUWAFUNMILAYO

MATRIC NO.:                 2011/1/0006BE

DEPARTMENT:             BIOLOGY

LEVEL:                          300

 

METHOD OF TEACHING

1.       Project Method: This involves teaching the learners by engaging them in same constructive practical activities for example; after the teacher has taught the learners how to keep poultry through the use of battery cage, he or she can asked the learners to construct an improvised battery poultry cage through the use of local materials. The project could be worked out either on an individual or group basis, but either way learners must be free to ask the teacher or other learners about things they do not understand and this makes them to learn in a natural way.

 

2.       Supervised Study Method: It is learner centred teaching method. The teacher outlines what the learners are to do and they then proceed to do it individually. Each learners works at his/her own pace on his own while the teacher watches the learners and advise each one of them when and where necessary. The work could be done in the classroom in the library or in cyber-café. The teacher have to give clear information on what the learners are to do.

 

3.       Discussion Method: This is one of the popular instructional method. It is organized, unique, logically related, step by step procedure of teaching specific aspects of a subject or topic aimed at achieving specific instructional objectives. It is a participatory rather than autocratic approach to learning and teaching whereby the teacher and learner’s contribution are essential.

 

4.       Demonstration Method: This involves the combined use of visual and auditory powers as the major means of communication. It is a good method for introducing new skills, developing understanding and showing the appropriate ways of doing things.

 

5.       Group/Individual Method: This involves re-arranging the entire class members into three four, five or more group depending on the size and nature of the lesson to be conducted. However, one or two dependable members of the class should lead each group.

 

LESSON PLAN

Date:                     21/6/2014

Period:                  1 hour

Time:                    2.40 – 3.20pm

Topic:                             Seed plant

 

Objective:   At the end of the lesson, student should be able to

1.       Define seed plant

2.       Types of seed plant

3.       Characteristics of seed plants

4.       Differences between the seed plants

 

Previous Knowledge:

Student have been familiar with different plants in their environment.

 

Instructional Materials:

Different types of plant eg. Hibiscus, Rose flower, flephant grass.

 

Content: Seed plant

Seed plant are plant that produce seed and they are the most successful group of plants. We have two major types of seed plants.

 

Types of Seed Plant

i.        Gymnosperm

ii.       Angiosperm

Gymnosperm are those plant that do not bear fruits and their ovule are born naked on the ovule scale.

Amgiosperm are those plant that bear fruits and their ovule are enclosed in the ovary.

 

Characteristics of Gymnosperm

i.        They bear cones and not flowers

ii.       Their seed are not enclosed in an ovary i.e. produce naked seed.

iii.      Polination is by wind

 

Characteristics of Angiosperm

i.        They produce flowers

ii.       They have many agent of pollination

iii.      Seeds are covered in a fruits

iv.      They bear ovum enclosed inside an ovary

 

Differences between Gymnosperm and Angiosperm

S/N

GYMNOSPERM

ANGIOSPERM

i.

The seed has no fruits enclosed in it

Seeds are covered with fruits

i.

No double fertilization

There is double fertilization

iii.

They bear cones

Bears flowers

iv.

No vessels in the xylem

There is vessel in the xylem

 

Introduction: What are seed plants

Seed plants are plant that produce and are the most successful group of seed plants.

Step 1: The teacher asked the student to look around their environment for different types of plant and she also shows them some types of plants.

 

Step II: The teacher told the students the major class of seed plants and their types, we have 2 major class of seeds plant which are:

i.        Gymnosperm

ii.       Angiosperm

 

Step III: The teacher explain the two major class of seed plant with examples Gmnosprm are seed plant that do not bear fruits and their ovule are born naked on the ovule scale e.g. pinefruits, cycads Christmas tree.

 

Anglosperm are seed plants that bear fruits and their ovule are enclosed in the ovary e.g. elephant grass, pride of barbarous etc.  

 

Step IV: The teacher give the characteristics and differences between gymnosperm and angiosperm.

 

Characteristics of Angiosperm

i.        They produce flower

ii.       They have many agent of pollination

iii.      Seeds are covered in fruits

 

Characteristics of Gymnosperm

i.        Pollination is by wind

ii.       They bear seeds and not flowers

iii.      Their seeds are not enclosed in an ovary

 

Differences between Angios and Gymnos

S/N

Gym

Angios

i.

The seed ha no fruits

Seeds crop covered with fruits

ii.

They bar cones

Bears flowers

iii.

No vessels in the xylem

There is vessels in the xylem

 

Class Activities: The Teacher asked the student to read the meaning of seed plants and their characteristics and then asked the student to read off hand.

 

Evaluation: The teacher evaluated the student by asking questions.

i.        What are seed plants

ii.       Give the major classes of seed plant

iii.      Give 3 characteristics of seed plant

 

Summary: Seed plants are plants that produce flowers. It is of two major class (i) gymnosperm (ii) angiosperm

Gymnosperm are plants that they bear seeds and not flower while angiosperm bear flowers.

 

Conclusion: The teacher conducted by giving the student notes to write.

 

Assignment: Give 10 characteristics and 5 differences of an angiosperm and gymnosperm.

 

INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS

S/N

IMPORTED MATERIAL

LOCALLY MADE MATERIAL

1.

Spatulla

Tablespoon

2.

Electric lamp

Alcohol lamp

3.

Conical flask

Calibrated jug

4.

Metre rule

Thin long wood

5.

Pipette

Thin pipe

6.

Calculator

Tally stick

7.

Stop watch

Wristwatch

8.

Filter paper

Clean white cloth

9.

Surgical glove

Large ballon

10.

Hand lens

Transparent glass lid

 

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